Prehistoric settlement

Archeological excavations such as pottery shades and parts of bones of cave bear, are the oldest evidence of the settlement in the Sulov valley. They had been found in the cave called The Dragon’s Hole and they date to the prehistoric Eneolithic period (2900-1900 B.C.). These archeological artifacts can be found in the Slovak National Museum in Bratislava. The findings from the several local areas map out continuously the settlement in the next period. The settlement of Lusatian culture in the Javor (maple) valley from the Hallstatt culture period (7th - 5th century B.C.) was surrounded by massive wooden fence walls in order to keep safety. The settlement from Roman period (1st - 4th century) near Haj in Hradna protected the passage through the sedlo Patuch from Rajec valley to Sulov. Fortified settlements were given names such as Hradok (castellum) or Hradiste (hillfort). There is a castellum at Strmy kopec (Steep Hill) in Sulov. There is a hill Hradek in Hradna. It rises from the north above the crossing of the Sulov - Rajec road through the Rajcianka and the Vah divisions on the border of the village Mala Cierna. Contemporary accounts speak of a larger and smaller fortified settlement (hillfort) near Vlcia jama (Wolf’s hole) and Marek hill in Hradna. The settlements of castellums in Sulov and Hradna date to 9th-11th century. Burials mounds were typical manifestations of this period. Slavic settlement in the places of today’s village moves the beginnings of the village to the Early middle ages. The evidence of this fact, in addition to pottery and excavations, is also the first written record from 1193.

zdroj: Vlastný výskum autorky textu M. Kerešovej.

Lebka jaskynného medveďa zo Šarkanej diery
Slovenské národné múzeum v Bratislave