It was difficult to live in the village under the Sulov Rocks in the ancient times. It was poor region. People worked mostly on the fields, so the everyday clothes were plain, even though the sleeves and scarves were decorated with embroidery.
People sewed underwear from homemade hemp or linen. Men had pants with a length below the knees and with a slit in the middle. The skirt was sewn like a dress with straps. The collar sleeves had long sleeves up to the wrists made of a thicker home cloth. They were decorated with inconspicuous cross-stitch. Women wore blueprint skirt with straps and with lacing or fastening at the front. They wore an apron made of cloth or printed chintz. They wore a jacket made of fustian (cotton fabric) on colder days. Also, they had sleeves with small fodra (embroidered fabric belt) under the jacket. A fur coat made of sheepskin during the winter. Women wore a bonnet on their head. Moreover, they attached krkule - braided wheels made of straw, to their hair under the bonnet. They wore blueprinted scarf on week days, and it was tied at the back. They wore stockings with a length above the knees. Women wore cloth slippers with knitted shaft. The sole was quilted from several layers of cloth with a wire impregnated with beeswax. These slippers were firm and airy. People walked barefoot during the summer. Later, they began to wear leather boots.
They wore richly embroidered sleeves made of fine linen on the days of festivity. Sleeves were shorter than the elbow, decorated with a wide white embroidered fabric belt. An underskirt was white with embroidered hem. An upper skirt had a length of up to half a calf made of blueprint, lined at the bottom with a wide 10-15 cm hem, which was usually red. The bodice was laced with a red, or some other color-matched, ribbon. They wore a black apron on the top. It was embroidered on the bottom edge and bordered by 2-3 hems. Large triangular scarves made of fine embroidered organdin decorated with lace, were also worn with the festive costumes. The scarves were wrapped over the shoulders, crossed at the front and knotted at the back. Older women wore these scarves made of warmer fabrics. In winter, they wore woolen scarves.
During summer, women also wore white dress skirts on week days, which was richly gathered at the back. Moreover, they had an apron of lighter colored fabrics.
Young girls tangled their hair in braids and decorated it with bows. Married women twisted their braids into knots - buns. They put a white embroidered hat on their heads, which was decorated with lace. A white embroidered scarf on the bonnet, which they tied at the back or under the chin. On the days of festivity, women attached colorful embroidered ribbons on the front of the apron. The ends of the ribbons reached to the hem of the skirt.
The bride had embroidered sleeves, a white petticoat, a skirt and an apron, which were decorated with lace. The bridesmaids put a colored ribbon in the hem of the skirt, which was tied in a small bow at the end.
The women gradually put away their costumes. Some wore the costumes for festive occasions recently. However, they gradually disappeared from our women's wardrobes. The folk costumes collection is a part of the cultural heritage in our village. It has been created and carefully maintained by Mrs. Bozenka Smatanova.
The costume collection is currently part of the Memorial Room exhibition in Sulov - Hradna.
zdroj: Podľa rozprávania p. Boženky Smatanovej, spracovala Drahomíra Búšovská.